Search results for query: Chu

  1. Endogenous institutions and economic growth: evidence from China

    Author: Zhao Li, Yujing Chu

    See Issue Contents: fins.2020.1


    The paper examined how economic institutions affect capital accumulation in the private firms sector through the finance sector and the operation objectives of different ownership firms in a socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics, which extended the neo-classical economic growth method. The Author found that economic institutions were the main factors affecting the efficiency of capital allocation between the private sector and the state-owned sector. Compared with the state-owned sector, economic institutions lead private sector to a decrease in loans and government subsidies through finance sector, and to an increase in its production costs. The evidence suggests that private firms make efforts to hire special human capital to improve economic institutions as a substitute for political capital. Considering that the strategy of China’s economic institutions reform was a national promotion which followed after a regional pilot, this paper found that the economic institutions’ reform pilot areas had a more significant impact on economic growth

  2. Comparison of Crypto-Assets Market Risk Proxies

    Author: Aleksander Mercik, Daniel Cupriak

    See Issue Contents: fins.2021.1


    In early 2021, the cryptoasset market capitalization exceeded $1.5 trillion, and there were more than 300 exchanges in the world where over 8,000 tokens could be traded. As part of research related to mature segments of the financial market (e.g. the stock market in the United States), scientists and practitioners have been trying to identify key risk factors for several decades, thanks to which it is possible to explain the equity risk premium for an investment in a given asset class. In recent years, there have been an increasing number of researchers trying to identify these factors for cryptoassets. The aim of this article was to analyse popular cryptoasset indices in order to identify those that can be used as a proxy of the market portfolio in order to estimate this risk factor premium. The research results indicate that the market risk factor is an important element of the market under study, and the indices that best reflect it are an index consisting of all cryptoassets weighted by capitalization and Coin100 which contains only the 100 largest cryptoassets.

  3. Are religious believers irrational: a direct test from an efficient market hypothesis

    Author: Chamil W. Senarathne

    See Issue Contents: fins.2020.1


    The current literature does not offer a quantitative test of the irrational behaviour of people, especially taking a proxy for irrationality with reference to an economic activity. This paper examines the role of religious believers in carrying out economic activities. The form of stock market efficiency has been taken as a proxy for testing the null hypothesis that religious believers are irrational on average. The findings suggest that equity markets in religious countries are inefficient at ‘weak form’ level. This provides prima facie evidence for the hypothesis that religious believers are irrational on average. As such, the equity price changes of these stock markets can be forecast on the basis of past patterns. Poor income level and education are the main causes for developing irrationality. As these irrationalities cost economies, the policymakers should design and implement more robust policies and guidelines for poverty alleviation and the enrichment of education at country level

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